Wednesday, February 23, 2005

GY Exceptions (1230khz)

Most graveyard stations run the standard authorization of 1000watts/1000watts ND C. There are however, exceptions to this on each of the frequencies. Some stations operate with directional arrays and/or reduced power during various dayparts to protect nearby stations.

I was curious about how well these stations were received at great distances compared to their full power, non directional counterparts. I chose to look at 1230khz and noted all the exceptions. I then compared their achivement records on Bill Hale's web site.

As you can see from the complete list below, most of these stations fared very well. For example, KWSN in SD which is authorized to run only 440 watts has been heard at a distance of 510 miles. KELY in Ely, NV has been received at 522 miles while running only 250 watts.

It's clear that on the graveyard frequencies, propagation, and not power are more important for DX. Some stations certainly benefit from more effective antenna arrays, better ground conductivity, or topography. On each frequency, there are certain stations that are routinely heard at great distances.

KEVA in Evantson, WY has had two very successful DX tests in recent years. They are consistently heard in more states than most GY stations--this can only be explained by the factors mentioned above.

It would be interesting to compile a list of stations for each channel that are heard routinely at great distances, and then study each one to determine why they do so well.

The complete study is published below:


1230 kHZ

Format: Religious
Network: Eternal Word Network
Slogan: Sharing The Heart Of The Christian Faith
Licensed: Stockton, CA
Owner: Immaculate Heart Radio
Began Operation: 1921
Facilities: 900w/900w ND C
Transmitter: 37° 57' 34" N 121° 15' 28" W;

Record: Phil Bytheway, Seattle, WA-669 Miles.

1230 kHZ

Format: Country/S. Gospel
Slogan: Classic Country
Licensed: Dublin, GA
Owner: Kirby Broadcasting Co.
Began Operation: 1958
Facilities: 700w/700w ND C
Transmitter: 32° 31' 21" N 82° 0' 0" W

Record: Jeff Falconer, Clinton, ON 771 Miles

1230 kHZ

Format: Adult Stand.
Network: ABC-Stardust
Slogan: Memories WTCJ 1230 AM
Licensed: Tell City, IN
Owner: Cromwell Group, Inc.
Began Operation: 1948
Facilities: 850w/850w ND C
Transmitter: 37° 56' 16" N 86° 45' 28" W

Record: Barry McLarnon, Ottawa, ON 764 miles

1230 kHZ

Format: Talk/Sports
Shows: Michael Reagan, Mike Gallagher, Rush, Sean Hannity
Slogan: NewsTalk 1230
Licensed: Hopkinsville, KY
Owner: Key Broadcasting, Inc.
Co-owned: WHOP-FM
Began Operation: 1940
Facilities: 830w/830w ND C
Transmitter: 36° 52' 54" N 87° 30' 44" W

Record: Jeff Falconer, Clinton, ON 562 miles

1230 kHZ

Format: Adult Stand.
Network: Jones-Music of Your Life
Slogan: Music Of Your Life
Licensed: Grayling, MI
Owner: Gannon Broadcasting Systems, Inc.
Web Site:
Began Operation: 1970
Facilities: 750w/750w ND C
Transmitter: 44° 39' 5" N 84° 44' 18" W

Record: No record listed currently

1230 kHZ

Format: Adult Cont.
Network: Jones-Adult Contemporary
Slogan: The Border's Best
Licensed: International Falls, MN
Owner: Quarnstrom Stations
Web Site:
Began Operation: 1959
Facilities: 460w/229w ND C
Transmitter: 48° 35' 29" N 93° 22' 54" W

Record: Eric Wesolowski, Omaha, NE 526 miles.

1230 kHZ

Format: Talk
Shows: Bruce Williams, Dr Laura, Jim Bohannon, Rush
Slogan: Information Radio
Licensed: Moberly, MO
Owner: Shepherd Group
Netcast: [Live] Web Site:
Began Operation: 1950
Facilities: 490w/1000w ND C
Transmitter: 39° 24' 11" N 92° 25' 57" W

Record: Esa Hanninen, Lemmenioki, Finland 4336 miles
North American Record: shawn Axelrod, Winnipeg, MB 747 Miles

1230 kHZ

Format: Oldies
Slogan: Today's News, Yesterday's Favorites, Oldies 1230 KTNC, Falls City
Licensed: Falls City, NE
Owner: C.R. Communications, Inc.
Began Operation: 1957
Facilities: 500w/1000w ND C
Transmitter: 40° 3' 57" N 95° 36' 55" W

Record: Paul Swearingen, Topeka, KS 70 miles

1230 kHZ

Format: Span.-Hits Bilingual
Slogan: K-Pasa
Licensed: Roswell, NM
Owner: Roswell Radio, Inc.
Co-owned: KBCQ, KMOU, KSFX
LMA: controls: KINF
Web Site:
Began Operation: 1947
Facilities: 800w/800w ND C
Transmitter: 33° 23' 24" N 104° 29' 45" W

Record: Frank Merrill, Macomb, IL 912 miles.

1230 kHZ

Format: Trad. Country/Sports
Network: ABC-Real Country
Slogan: Thunder Country
Licensed: Gallup, NM
Owner: Millennium Media, Inc.
Began Operation: 1959
Facilities: 920w/92w ND C
Transmitter: 35° 32' 2" N 108° 42' 18" W

Record: Tim Hall Chula Vista, CA 509 Miles

1230 kHZ

Format: Classic Hits
Network: Jones-Classic Hits
Licensed: Ely, NV
Owner: Ruby Radio Corp.
Began Operation: 1950
Facilities: 250w/250w ND C
Transmitter: 39° 15' 45" N 114° 51' 46" W

Record: John Wilkins, Wheat Bridge, CO 522 Miles

1230 kHZ

Format: Sports
Network: Fox Sports Radio
Slogan: K-Play
Licensed: Reno, NV
Owner: Americom Broadcasting
Web Site:
Began Operation: 1963
Facilities: 820w/820w ND C
Transmitter: 39° 30' 41" N 119° 42' 51" W

Record: Nancy Johnson, Aberdeen, WA 556 miles.

1230 kHZ

Format: Span.-Oldies
Network: Recuerdos
Slogan: Recuerdos
Licensed: Gresham, OR
Owner: Amador Bustos
Co-owned: KGDD, KXMG, KZNY
Began Operation: 1956
Facilities: 920w/920w ND C
Transmitter: 45° 29' 3" N 122° 24' 40" W

Record: Esa Hanninen, Lemmenjoki, Finland 4376 miles
NA Record: Tim Hall, Manning Park Resort, BC 296 miles

1230 kHZ

Format: Sports
Network: ESPN Radio Network
Slogan: ESPN Radio 1230
Licensed: Easton, PA
Owner: Nassau Broadcasting
Web Site:
Began Operation: 1956
Facilities: 840w/1000w DA-D C
Transmitter: 40° 42' 30" N 75° 12' 60" W

Record: Denis Picard, Trois-Rivieres-Quest, QC 411 Miles

1230 kHZ

Format: Cont. Christ. brokered
Network: Salem - The Word in Praise
Slogan: Fortress 1230
Licensed: Harrisburg, PA
Owner: Clear Channel Communications
LMA: controls: WLYH-TV
Web Site:
Began Operation: 1922
Facilities: 480w/480w ND C
Transmitter: 40° 16' 52" N 76° 52' 6" W

Record: Frank Merrill, Milan, MI 379 miles.

1230 kHZ

Format: Sports
Network: ESPN Radio Network
Slogan: All Sports Radio
Licensed: Sioux Falls, SD
Owner: Midcontinent Radio of South Dakota, Inc.
Netcast: [Live] Web Site:
Began Operation: 1948
Facilities: 440w/440w ND C
Transmitter: 43° 33' 31" N 96° 49' 10" W

Record: John Johsnon Sheridan, WY 510 miles.

1230 kHZ

Format: Talk
Shows: Clark Howard, Rush, Sean Hannity
Licensed: McMinnville, TN
Owner: Clear Channel Communications
Began Operation: 1947
Facilities: 620w/1000w ND C
Transmitter: 35° 39' 60" N 85° 46' 35" W

Record: Russ Edmunds, Glen Rock, NJ 682 miles

1230 kHZ

Format: Tejano
Slogan: Puro Tejano
Licensed: Del Rio, TX
Owner: Forum Broadcasting
Web Site:
Began Operation: 1947
Facilities: 860w/860w ND C
Transmitter: 29° 25' 45" N 100° 54' 17" W

Record: Don Trelford, Runaway Bay 1672 miles


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